Yeast infection does not only occur in women, but it can occur in men and children. The infection caused by the Candida albicans yeast can affect the skin, genital area, mouth, and intestines. Candida yeast thrives in warm, moist, and dark parts of the body such as the vagina and vulva of a woman. Yeast infection is also known as candidiasis, thrush, monilia, moniliasis, oidiomycosis, candidosis, or simply Candida infection.
We always have a small amout of Candida inside our body. We actually need them to combat bad microorganisms and prevent all sorts of diseases from developing. However, when they overgrow, they will likely cause candidiasis. Healthy probiotic agents (such as the ones usually found in yogurt) are essential for controlling the balance of the Candida population. But sometimes there are just not enough of them to keep the Candida yeasts from overgrowing. This imbalance can be caused by several factors.
1. Medical factors
Particular medications can decrease the population of the friendly probiotics inside your body and therefore increase the population of Candida. Some examples of these drugs are antibiotics such as tetracycline and ampicillin, birth control pills, and steroids.
2. Hormonal changes
During pregnancy, women experience dramatic hormonal changes in their body. Hormonal changes can also occur when you take birth control pills or when you have your monthly period. These changes can disturb the probiotic balance in your body which leads to the overgrowth of Candida.
3. High glucose levels
Yeasts feeds on sugar, both in simple and complex forms. Simple sugars include the sugar you use to sweeten your tea or coffee, while complex sugars make up starches. People with diabetes as well as those who eat lots of sugary foods have high levels of glucose in their system and are more prone to yeast infection.
4. Incorrect clothing
Avoid very tight clothes as well as wet or damp clothes. You should also avoid wearing clothes that does not absorb sweat very well. You want to keep your body (especially your genital area) as dry as possible, as Candida needs moisture to grow.
5. Sexual intercourse with an infected partner
You can get yeast infection from having a sexual relationship with a person who is infected with Candida. Make sure you or your partner wear a condom to avoid the transmission of the infection.
6. Chemical substances
Fragrances, soaps, deodorants, powders, and laundry detergents can also disturb the probiotic balance in your body. You should not use vaginal douches too often since they can also decrease the population of friendly microorganisms in our body.