Urinary Tract infections can occur in newborns who have abnormalities of the urinary tract that need surgery to be rectified The most common cause of Urinary Tract infections in adults is the use of a catheter, who due to age or illness people loose control of their bladders, and need a tube (catheter) that is placed through the urethra in the bladder. People with diabetes also are more susceptible to Urinary Tract infections. For some unknown reasons women are at greater risk than men to get tract infections, especially women who use diaphragms. To diagnose infections, doctors test a urine sample, which are examined in a laboratory for white cells and bacteria.
The best treatment for UTI is anti bacterial drugs. The patient’s history determines the type of drugs to be administered, and the length of the treatment after identifying the bacteria that caused Urinary tract infection. The drugs most effective against routine uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections are trimethoprim (Trimpex), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra, Cotrim), amoxicillin (Amoxil, Trimox, Wymox), nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Furadantin), and ampicillin (Omnipen, Polycillin, Principen, Totacillin). A class of drugs called quinolon drugs approved in recent years for treating UTI. These drugs include ofloxacin (Floxin), norfloxacin (Noroxin), ciprofloxacin (Cipro), and trovafloxin (Trovan).
Unless there are unwarranted complications the infection will clear up with 2/3 days of treatment. However doctors strongly recommend to their patients to take the full prescribed course for a week or even two the be completely sure that the inflection has been cured. A follow-up urinalysis helps to confirm that the urinary tract is infection-free. It is important to take the full course of treatment because symptoms may disappear before the infection is fully cleared.
Various drugs are available to relieve the pain of a UTI. A heating pad may also help. Most doctors suggest that drinking plenty of water helps cleanse the bacteria. During treatment, it is best to avoid coffee, alcohol, and spicy foods. And one of the best things a smoker can do for his or her bladder is to quit smoking. Smoking is the major known cause of bladder cancer.